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> The life of Leonardo Da Vinci Issue: 2007-2 Section: Science
Turkish

 

Leonardo da Vinci was born in Vinci near Florence in Italy in 1452. His father was Ser Piero, a solicitor of Vinci and his mother was Caterina, a peasant girl. From an early age Leonardo’s genius began to develop showing evident abilities in various subjects. In this manner, Leonardo became famous as a painter first, but, at the same time, he was a great sculptor, a famous architect and even a musician. Bülent Atalay who has been awarded a Nobel Prize in physics, calls it transformative genius.

 

This famous artist learnt drawing, sculpture, and decoration from Verrocchio in 1469. Then he went to Milan at Ludovico Sforza’s service in 1482. In 1499, when the French got into Milano, Leonardo went to Mantova and then Venice, then Florence. He drew famous picture of Gioconda at that time. In 1506, he returned to Milan and he was in the service of the French, he went on studying about science and art. Then he went to Rome. where he worked for two years at Giuliano the Court of Pope Giulio II in Rome. Later he he accepted King Francis I’s invitation and in 1516 he went to France again.

 

He became famous for his works there too. he became top painter, engineer and architect of the monarch. He settled down at Cloux palace, after he stayed this palace for two years, he died there. Leonardo da Vinci studied about lots of subjects like mathmatics, physics, chemistry, anatomy, architecture, profession of engineering geology, botany, astronomy, hydrotechnique, hydrology but first of all he was heard his famous with his paintings. His greatful monuments were adorn the walls of some churchs, some important museums now. At the some time, he was in need of doing anatomy and perspective studies for going on drawing studies well. For the perspective studies, he studied with some scientist’s helps. When he was only 18, he proved his worth with using his intelligence about drawing and engineering.

 

Especially Leonardo enjoyed paintings. The aim of all his studies was picture, he drew monaments for Santa Maria delle Grazie’s dining room. After he went Mantova from Milano, he drew Isabella d’Este’s portrait then when he returned to Florance, he produced lots of monuments of shadow and light, union of colours. Mona Lisa (in Italian and Spanish: La Gioconda; in French: La Jaconde) became a piece of art history with mysterious smile on the womans face. Leonardo began to study in 1503 for Mona Lisa and he had finished it in about three or four years.

Mona Lisa Picture is in Louvre Museum in Paris in France for the visitors now. In spite of not knowing who was the woman at the Leonardo’s Mona Lisa Picture, art historians claimed about who was the modal with a lot of ideas.

Already, this monument become famous because of the speculations about it.

 

When we told about Mona Lisa’s mathematics, we saw some conceptions like gold estimate which Dan Brown discussed in his book of Da Vinci Code. According to this idea, our bodies have gold estimate.

 

They were artists who learned a scientific theory to a scientist, according to this commentary. Mona Lisa’s face was encircled with a golden rectangle, and her body was illustrated with the direction of triangle, too. Moreover, two side of the scene of fund wasn’t equal so, this feature awakens an impression that when we look at her one eye; we see the movement of the other.

Leonardo da Vinci’s second famous picture is Last Supper after Mona Lisa. Last Supper told the last supper which Jesus and his Apostles ate before a day Roman soldiers paralysed him according to Christians.

 

This converse is told in book of Vuhenna. Jesus said them, when he left, they must console paraklit, the Picture was mode the wall of Santa Maria Delle Grazie near Milano and today it was warned Some other Works of Leonardo Da Vinci are fresk, quited half, which adorns the big council hall of Palazzo Vecchio; Anghlar war, later painted and 2 Madonna which were ordered by Becehus Leda and Louis VII. Approximately 15 pictures are found now from Leonardo. Besides, they have got worn out in the course of time.

Having concerned with all of these; Leonardo was charged with architecture. He returned Milano and constructed a monument with a thousand harses (1511-1512). He consructed the architect work for kings’ palaces in France. He believed that there were much more things to learn.

 

Leonardo have been a leader all the fields of science. The notes and drafts in his notebook were evidence of an extraordinary study. His knowledge depended on expirence, attention and observation about nature. He didn’t give importance theory and balance. Due to the fact that he hadn’t been educated on mathematic and Latin, the scientist who were contemporary of Leonardo didn’t consider importance to his works, where as Leonardo Da Vinci learned Latin by himself. The reason why his notes weren’t used can be that his a bit different writing way.

 

As known; Leonardo Da Vinci was left-handed and he was writing from right to left like Arabic. This caused some speculations. P. G. Aoran said this situation can be explained by a disorganised brain organisator. Aoran claimed that while Leonardo wrote by his left hand he painted by his right hand. It’s known that left-handed people are talented in architucture, design, music, comprehending a human body and visualisation of paint with 3 dimension. Despite the all advantages of them, their languange ability doesn’t develop. Notebooks of Leonardo were a real disaster about gramer. As a result of his brain structure; he didn’t continue the works he had started and his arithmetic was bad. As a matter of fact; it is known that he had made some fault in some easy additons and multiplies. Robert Zwijenberg who wrote the book Writing and drawing of Leonardo Da Vinci claimed that Leonardo had to write and draw to think and the main aim of the notebooks was thinking and connecting dialog with himself. Zwijenberg said that this behave of writing could be a solution not to touch the wet ink and it could be seen as a printing method. As we know presses work with the principle of using the mirror pattern of the text. Scientific and architecture works of Leonardo Da Vinci were as efficient as his artistic works.

 

The notes and drawing in notebook which was formed 13000 pages connected science with art and this notebook was an evidence of his scientific Works.

 

Leonardo started his works in the field of anotomy as an apprentice of Andrea del Verrochio. Leonardo felt the necesity of physics knowledge; and he continued an anatomy study which included some olives physics (especially his man’s) he practised injestion technique, by giving a substance in a short time, to determine the physique of human with a few details. As a result of this effort, he reached the recent knowledge about heart, stomach, muscles and veins.

 

He compared the human physique and animal physique. He examined a corpse of human by getting permission from some hospitals and within 30 years he examined 20 man and woman corpses. He had some studies to apply a work in theory. He left 779 anatomic drawings but these drawings were published in a book named Thesises about drawing after his death in 1580. It’s a subject that is thought by people that other scientist didn’t esteem to Leonardo in his life period. But it isn’t known now that how Leonardo was given permisson to examine corpse while it isn’t given permission now, by hospitals. It isn’t told that Leonardo had done it from illegal ways. It’s written in some books that Leonardo had took out the corpses from their tombs to examine.

 

Leonardo Da Vinci showed himself in the fields of engineering and inventing. He made a lot of machine projects which were rarely used by his contemporaries. The wheelbarrow and armoured war vehicle are his inventions which are used by us currently. Machines which can move under water (curtained foot, diver clothes, submarine), movable houses and flying idea are his some other ideas, too.

 

Last year in january 2005, a laboraty was found in a confidential room of a monastery which was near Basilica Della Santissima Annunziata di Franze in Florence in which Leonardo made scientific studies like flying so, this shows that there were a environment of working in which the studies up to now are thought and prepared.

 

Moreover, Leonardo thought a lot of tools like jacks, pums, and clocks, etc. in 1500, he designed a bridge to contribute entry of Golden Horn for Sultan II Bayezıt. It heighted 240 metres but this bridge wasn’t constructed. The reason of this was that engineers of Bayezıt II said that the architects had made a fault. About 500 years later,the architects understood that this bridge could be constructed and they consructed the bridge.

 

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