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> Consoles and Nintendo Issue: 2012-2 Section: 14-16



Gabriele Trovato


This article is about the new technologies applied on videogame by Nintendo that today all people know it and a lot of people have one o more videogames, that today are very developed, but for we these are normal, because the technology is very developed but before the evolutions of videogames were incredible.

The history of Nintendo began in 1889, when Fusajiro Yamauchi began to make the Hanafuda cards and in 1902 he began to make western cards for the export, but then they became popular in Japan too. In 1933, the company born as a partnership, Yamauchi Nintendo & Co. And in 1947 Yamauchi make a distribution company, Marufuku Co. Ltd. In 1950 Hiroshi Yamauchi became the new president, in 1951 the name of company changed in Nintendo Playing Card Co. Ldt. and in 1963 the company became Nintendo Ldt. and began to make games over playing cards. In 1970, the company began to sell the Gun Beam that used optoelectronics, introducing it into the toy industry for the first time in Japan, in 1975 Mitsubishi Electric and Nintendo developed a video game with the EVR (Electronic Video Recorder).

In 1976 a microprocessor was included in the videogame and an year later Nintendo with Mitsubishi Electric make two new console: TV Game.

In the new year was launched a game inspired by the game Othello, called Computer Othello. The pieces of Othello were replaced with symbols and there aren’t joysticks, but ten buttons for player.

In 1980, in Japan began the sales of Game & Watch, the first portable LCD videogames with a microprocessor, three years later began the creation of the Famicom console, launched in Japan the year after and then called Nintendo Entertainment System (NES), that uses the CPU (Custom Processing Unit) and the PPU (Picture Processing Unit) personalized, in 1986, the NES was launched in Europe and three years later, in Japan, was presented the Game Boy, the first portable and handheld system with interchangeable cartridges.

in 1990 in Japan, was launched the Super Famicom, with a technology of 16 bit and in Europe the Game Boy was distributed and two years later the Super NES was distributed in Europe. In 1994, was distributed the Super Game Boy, was distributed the Super Game Boy and was presented a game with the graphics ACM (Advanced Computer Modelling) and the year later this graphics was introduced on the Game Boy and on the SNES and was also presented a virtual immersion system at 32 bit: the Virtual Boy.

In 1996 was distributed in Japan the Game Boy Pocket and Nintendo 64, with the 64 bit system and the year later was distributed in Europe and the Rumble Pak was added to it. This was a system that permitted at players to feel the vibration and then, in 1998, was launched the Game Boy Colour. In 2001 was launched the Game Boy Advance and the Game Boy Cube.

In 2002 was launched the Pokemon mini and the Nintendo Game Cube arrived in Europe and since then was with the first wireless controller, the WaveBird.

Then in 2003 was launched the Game Boy Advance SP that had an illuminated screen and rechargeable battery integrated and then the Game Boy Player for Nintendo Game Cube, that permitted at players to use their game of Game Boy and Game Boy Advance on their TV.

In 2004, was announced a console of new generation: the Nintendo DS, that had two screen and one of these is a touch screen and the year later was announced the Game Boy Micro that can use the Game Boy Advance’s games. In 1006 was launched the new Nintendo DS Lite that has more brighter and efficient screens and was also launched the Nintendo Wii, with a new system of control that use a controller that receives physical movements. This connects to the console via Bluetooth, via the sensor bar.

After three years was launched the Nintendo DSi, that has two cameras, on 2010, arrived the DSi XL with larger screens and in 2011 was launched the 3DS, that allows to see content in 3D without special glasses. But in 2011 was also presented the new Wii: the Nintendo Wii. This can use all the games and accessories of Nintendo Wii but Wii U has a new HD graphics

and a new touch screen controller of 6,2 inches that permitted of play with new features thanks at new buttons and to see options screens or maps, but the launch is provided for the end of 2012. But the company derives its success to the big collection of games of Nintendo as Super Mario, Kirby, The Legend of Zelda and Donkey Kong that also today are many popular.


The scope of this article, is to understand at which level is arrived and at what rhythms the technology today is growing, because these are the consoles that have so far, but in future there will be games that will allow us to do amazing things, like climbing a mountain, standing quietly sitting on the sofa, but giving us the same sensations.

We do not realize but the video game could be the most important creation there is.